How Do I Cite A Resource?


When creating a bibliography…


A Works Cited ( often referred to as a “Bibliography’) page in a report gives credit to the authors or creators who originally researched and published the information. Please do not use their information or pictures as your own. This is similar to stealing, please, always cite your sources by creating a bibliography or footnotes at the bottom of the page. Follow your teacher’s directions.


Keep track of sources as you come across them with a Working Bibliography, a record of all the information you need to locate the sources. Write down the title, author, publisher, copyright, and date of the sources you use.




EasyBibIn completing a research assignment you usually end up using some facts, ideas, or quotations from your reading when you write your paper. Most students are careful about citing sources when they use quotations, but proper documentation involves more than that.


Careful documentation can be time-consuming, however, this work is essential to good scholarship and being a good student. Forms of citation serve the purpose of drawing a clear line between your work and the work of others. Citations allow readers, including your teachers, to verify your work.


When to cite:

  • If you quote an author, even if you are only borrowing a single key word, you need to tell your reader the origin of the quotation.

  • You also need to cite a source:
    • if you restate an idea, thesis, or opinion stated by an author
    • if you restate an expert’s theory or opinion
    • if you use facts that are not common knowledge
    • if you need to provide an informational or explanatory note


When do you not have to cite a reference?

  • If the information is well and widely known and indisputable, including mathematical and scientific facts
  • Information found in dictionaries
  • Statistics and information that can easily be found in several sources and are not likely to vary from source to source


What is Plagiarism?

Plagiarism is the act of using another person’s ideas or expressions in your writing without acknowledging the source. To plagiarize is to give the impression that you have written or thought of something that you have, in fact, borrowed from someone else. Plagiarism is bad, much like stealing. If you have any doubts about citing a source, as your teacher or parent for help.


Plagiarism can take several forms:

  • Copying any direct quotation from your source material without providing quotation marks or crediting your source
  • Paraphrasing of a borrowed idea without introducing and documenting the source of the idea
  • Copying another paper


You may avoid plagiarism by:

  • Acknowledging borrowed material with an introduction: “According to Smith,” “Smith points out,” etc., and citing the source page number
  • Paraphrasing material by writing in your style and language and citing the source of the information
  • Enclosing quotation marks around all material that is directly quoted and citing the source for the information



  • Chicago
    used in history and some humanities
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